Croydon Bibliographies for Regional Survey August 2002
 
Number 75 The Croydon town plans at 1:500
(10.56 feet to 1 mile) :
a cartobibliography
ISSN 0309 - 8591
 
Published irregularly at Croydon by the Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society Limited, registered office : 96a Brighton Road, SOUTH CROYDON, Surrey CR2 6AD

Edited by Paul W Sowan, CNHSS Librarian
Go directly to:  
OS 1:500 town plans CNHSS Home Page
History of the OS 1:500 series CNHSS Archives Page
Coverage of published 1:500 Croydon plans  
Local holdings of 1st edition 1:500 plans Index of CBRS issues
Local holdings of 2nd edition 1:500 plans Next issue of CBRS
Survey and publication dates of 1:500 Croydon plans Previous issue of CBRS

 

 

Ordnance Survey 1:500 (10.56 feet to 1 mile) Town Plans

The largest scale Ordnance Survey mapping available for Croydon is at the 1:500 scale. Twenty-eight plans at this scale, surveyed in 1868, were published (apparently in 1870) with some reprints and revisions in later years. A second edition of the same 28 sheets was surveyed in 1894-95, and published in 1896. Only the then built-up areas were surveyed and published, not the entire parish (later, borough.)

The very large scale allows the representation of great detail, including for example the internal divisions and uses of the ground floors of some public buildings (see, for example, the 1st edition representation of West Croydon Railway Station). Wells, lamp-posts, true-to-scale dimensions and exact outlines of buildings, etc, are shewn.

Each of the Croydon sheets represents 1/25th of the area depicted in Surrey county sheetlines 1:2,500 (the 25-inch) plans 14(6) and 14(10), although of the 50 possible sheets only 28 were published. The area of land represented on each 1:500 sheet is of course very small, each sheet representing a rectangle of land measuring 520.45 yards east west, and 352 yards north south.

The first editions were issued coloured, with minimal marginal publishing information. Uncoloured and later versions of these generally have marginal typescript stating date of survey (1868), date of publication (1870), and dates of reprinting.

The second edition sheets had minimal or no colouring, but dates of re-survey and publication appear in the lower margins.

The total coverage, in 28 sheets, is confirmed by the marginal continuation sheet details present (or not) in the north, east, south, and west margins of each published sheet.

The area covered at this scale extends from Whitehorse Road and part of the Selhurst railways triangle southwards to the junction of South End and Southbridge Road. To the west, Duppas Hill and Old Town are included. To the east, a small area east of the main Brighton Railway line is represented, including the former Brickwood House, parts of Park Hill, and Coombe Cliffe.

Croydon Public Libraries' Local Studies Library has a good but incomplete set of the 1st edition sheets (with more than one publishing state often held), and a less complete set of the 2nd edition. The Croydon Natural History & Scientific Society's Library holds only nine sheets of the 2nd edition.

[Go to top of page]

History of the Ordnance Survey 1:500 Town Plans series

The Ordnance Survey's (1954) description of its large-scale plans states as follows:

Richard Oliver (1993) supplies more detail:

The 1:500 scale was introduced in 1855, and by 1895 it covered most towns over about 4000 population at the time of the survey. (Some of the others were mapped at 1:1056 or 1:528). The usual practice was to map towns at this scale as part of the 1:2500 survey of the surrounding country, but a few towns were mapped in advance on a repayment basis. Very few towns were mapped more than once at this scale, and none have been since 1910. Unlike most smaller scales, partial topographical revision of individual 1:500 sheets appears to be unknown, though often the revisions at this scale covered only part of a town. Also, the detail shown might reflect the wishes of the town paying for the work. Full details of towns covered are given in Chapter 4 …

The 1:500 scale permits detail to be shown with a resolution of 6 inches (15 cm) or so; …

It was a development of the 1:528 mapping prepared in the early 1850s … and gives particular emphasis to such things as lamp posts, man holes, arched passages and minor building projections. Divisions between tenements are indicated, which is of great value if these maps are being used in conjunction with, say, detailed census returns, rating lists, or directories. …

The interior ground floor layout of public buildings is shown on those plans published before about 1880, sometimes with the functions of individual rooms given. Sometimes, too, on these earlier plans the functions of the various parts of larger industrial premises is indicated. It must be added that the content of the plans varies from one town to the next; on some, for example, railway track layouts are shown in full, whereas on others rails are not shown where they are roofed over; and the definition of public buildings, though including obvious instances such as churches, schools and town halls, sometimes includes and sometimes excludes banks and newspaper offices. Much of this information is omitted on smaller scales for reasons of space.

On some reprints of earlier plans the interiors of public buildings are omitted, and from the late 1870s the details of prisons and sometimes of barracks are omitted, both on new surveys and on reprints of older ones. As with all OS maps, there is no indication of the height of buildings, nor the presence of cellars; such information must be sought elsewhere.

Two styles of publication were employed for the 1:500; for some towns the plans were either engraved on copper or printed from zinc, with buildings hatched or stippled, and were uncoloured; for others the plans were printed from zinc and the buildings were coloured, red for those of masonry and grey for those of wood or iron construction, with glass buildings shown by cross-hatching. A few towns (e.g. Aberdeen, Dundee, and Glasgow) were published in a mixture of these styles. The zincographed coloured plans were also available uncoloured.

All sheets measure 37.472 inches west - east by 25.344 inches south-north (96.6 x 64.4 cm), and cover an area of 38.4 acres (15.54 ha) on the ground. With a very few early exceptions, the 1:500 sheet lines are divisions, numbered from 1 to 25, of 1:2500 county sheets, as shown on page 14, above [ie five rows, with five sheets in each row, numbered from top left to bottom right] … As the 1:2500 sheets are themselves divisions of 1:10,560 sheets, 1:500 sheets are numbered in the manner LXX.7.17. Graphic indexes were published for most of the towns mapped at this scale, and individual sheets were listed in pre-1918 OS catalogues. As a rule mapping extended to the edge of the built-up area, rather than to any municipal boundary, but there are some exceptions. The British Library Map Library has a very nearly complete set of these maps as first published, and the other legal deposit libraries have fairly complete sets, but many of the revisions at this scale were undertaken at the expense of local authorities, no copies were sent to the legal deposit libraries, and copies must usually be sought in local collections.

Extract from table on page 87 of Oliver (1991)
Town County
Series
survey
1st
revision
2nd
revision
3rd
revision
National
Grid
survey
OS County
Croydon 1868 1894-95 1910-11 1932 & 1940-41 1953-54 Surrey

The 1868, 1894-95, and 1910-11 surveying was at 1:1250, 1:1056, 1:528 or 1:500; that of 1953−54 at 1:1250 subject to subsequent continuous revision.

The 1868 and 1894-95 1:500 plans were published by zincography in 28 sheets.

[Go to top of page]

 

SHEET LAYOUT − The Croydon area surveys of 1868 and 1894-95 resulted in the publication of only the sheet numbers in bold with a white background
[Main features to be found on individual sheets are listed in the table below]


14(6)(1)
 


14(6)(2)
 


14(6)(3)
 


14(6)(4)
 


14(6)(5)
 


14(6)(6)
 


14(6)(7)
 


14(6)(8)
 


14(6)(9)
 


14(6)(10)
 


14(6)(11)
 


14(6)(12)
 


14(6)(13)
 


14(6)(14)
 


14(6)(15)
 


14(6)(16)
 


14(6)(17)
 


14(6)(18)
 


14(6)(19)
 


14(6)(20)
 


14(6)(21)
 


14(6)(22)
 


14(6)(23)
 


14(6)(24)
 


14(6)(25)
 


14(10)(1)
 


14(10)(2)
 


14(10)(3)
 


14(10)(4)
 


14(10)(5)
 


14(10)(6)
 


14(10)(7)
 


14(10)(8)
 


14(10)(9)
 


14(10)(10)
 


14(10)(11)
 


14(10)(12)
 


14(10)(13)
 


14(10)(14)
 


14(10)(15)
 


14(10)(16)
 


14(10)(17)
 


14(10)(18)
 


14(10)(19)
 


14(10)(20)
 


14(10)(21)
 


14(10)(22)
 


14(10)(23)
 


14(10)(24)
 


14(10)(25)
 

[Go to top of page]

 

Major features in 19th century Croydon covered by the published 1:500 sheets
14(6)(8) Parts of Whitehorse Road, and Northcote (formerly) Selhurst Roads, etc
14(6)(9) Parts of Gloucester Road, New Selhurst Road, Selhurst Wood and the Selhurst 'railway triangle'
14(6)(12) Parts of Windmill Road, Union Road, etc
14(6)(13) Parts of Whitehorse and Sydenham Roads, railway, etc
14(6)(14) Part of Gloucester Road, the southern part of the Selhurst 'railway triangle' including Junction Cottages, etc
14(6)(16) North end of Handcroft Road, Broad Green, part of London Road, etc
14(6)(17) Parts of St. James's Road, Kidderminster Road, Broad Green Place, etc
14(6)(18) Parts of St. James's Road, Sydenham Road, railway, etc
14(6)(19) Part of Gloucester Road, Windmill Bridge Junction, Royal Masonic Asylum, Heath Lodge, etc
14(6)(21) Parts of Handcroft Road, Parson's Mead, London Road, etc
14(6)(22) Part of West Croydon Station, Wellesley Road, etc
14(6)(23) Part of Tavistock, Sydenham, and Lansdowne Road, railway, etc
14(6)(24) Parts of Cherry Orchard Road, Morland Road, and Lower Addiscombe Road (formerly St. James's Road East), etc
14(10)(1) Parts of Mitcham Road, Barracks, Factory Lane, Handcroft Road, etc
14(10)(2) Parts of West Croydon Station, North End, Wellesley Road, etc
14(10)(3) Parts of Sydenham, Lansdowne, Dingwall and Cherry Orchard Roads, East Croydon Station, etc
14(10)(4) Parts of Oval Road, Brickwood Cottage, Brickwood House, etc
14(10)(6) Parts of Stubbs Mead, river Wandle, slaughterhouses, parts of Church Street, St. John's Grove, St. John's Parish Church, Church Road, etc
14(10)(7) Parts of Church Street, North End, Surrey Street, High Street, George Street, the Whitgift Hospital, etc
14(10)(8) Parts of Wellesley Road, George Street, Park Lane, Fairfield, East Croydon Station, and Park Hill, etc
14(10)(9) Parts of Brickwood House, Upper Addiscombe Road, Park Hill, etc
14(10)(11) Parts of railway, Waddon Road, St. John's Road, St. John's Parish Church, the Old Palace, Old Town, etc
14(10)(12) Parts of Old Palace, Church Road, Scarbrook Road, the Swimming Baths, Surrey Street, High Street, Katharine Street, and Central Croydon Station, etc
14(10)(13) Parts of Park Lane, Fairfield, Park Hill, the railway, etc
14(10)(16) Parts of Duppas Hill Road, Duppas Hill, etc
14(10)(17) Parts of Old Town, High Street, Southbridge Road, etc
14(10)(18) Parts of Park Lane, the railway, Coombe Cliff, etc
14(10)(21) Parts of Duppas Hill, the Waldrons, etc
14(10)(22) Parts of Bramley Hill, Southbridge Road, South End, etc

[Go to top of page]

 

Croydon 1:500 plans of the 1st edition held by Croydon Public Libraries − Local Studies Library (bold)


14(6)(1)
 


14(6)(2)
 


14(6)(3)
 


14(6)(4)
 


14(6)(5)
 


14(6)(6)
 


14(6)(7)
 


14(6)(8)
 


14(6)(9)
 


14(6)(10)
 


14(6)(11)
 


14(6)(12)
 


14(6)(13)
 


14(6)(14)
 


14(6)(15)
 


14(6)(16)
 


14(6)(17)
 


14(6)(18)
 


14(6)(19)
 


14(6)(20)
 


14(6)(21)
 


14(6)(22)
 


14(6)(23)
 


14(6)(24)
 


14(6)(25)
 


14(10)(1)
 


14(10)(2)
 


14(10)(3)
 


14(10)(4)
 


14(10)(5)
 


14(10)(6)
 


14(10)(7)
 


14(10)(8)
 


14(10)(9)
 


14(10)(10)
 


14(10)(11)
 


14(10)(12)
 


14(10)(13)
 


14(10)(14)
 


14(10)(15)
 


14(10)(16)
 


14(10)(17)
 


14(10)(18)
 


14(10)(19)
 


14(10)(20)
 


14(10)(21)
 


14(10)(22)
 


14(10)(23)
 


14(10)(24)
 


14(10)(25)
 

[Go to top of page]

 

Croydon 1:500 plans of the 2nd edition held by Croydon Public Libraries − Local Studies Library (bold) and CNHSS (red background)


14(6)(1)
 


14(6)(2)
 


14(6)(3)
 


14(6)(4)
 


14(6)(5)
 


14(6)(6)
 


14(6)(7)
 


14(6)(8)
 


14(6)(9)
 


14(6)(10)
 


14(6)(11)
 


14(6)(12)
 


14(6)(13)
 


14(6)(14)
 


14(6)(15)
 


14(6)(16)
 


14(6)(17)
 


14(6)(18)
 


14(6)(19)
 


14(6)(20)
 


14(6)(21)
 


14(6)(22)
 


14(6)(23)
 


14(6)(24)
 


14(6)(25)
 


14(10)(1)
 


14(10)(2)
 


14(10)(3)
 


14(10)(4)
 


14(10)(5)
 


14(10)(6)
 


14(10)(7)
 


14(10)(8)
 


14(10)(9)
 


14(10)(10)
 


14(10)(11)
 


14(10)(12)
 


14(10)(13)
 


14(10)(14)
 


14(10)(15)
 


14(10)(16)
 


14(10)(17)
 


14(10)(18)
 


14(10)(19)
 


14(10)(20)
 


14(10)(21)
 


14(10)(22)
 


14(10)(23)
 


14(10)(24)
 


14(10)(25)
 

[Go to top of page]

 

Dates of Survey and Publication of Croydon 1:500 sheets
as far as can be ascertained
Sheet Numbers 1st Edition
Survey/Publication
2nd Edition
Survey/Publication
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(1) to 14(6)(7) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(8) (1868) 1894/1895
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(9) (1868) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(10) & (11) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(12) (????) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(13) (1868) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(14) (1868) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(15) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(16) (1868) ????
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(17) (1868) 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(18) (1868) 1894-95/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(19) (1868) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(20) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(21) 1868/1870 1894-95/1895
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(22) 1868/1870 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(23) 1868/1870 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(24) 1868/1870 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(6)(25) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(1) (????) 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(2) 1868/1870 1895-95/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(3) (1868) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(4) (1868) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(5) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(6) (????) 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(7) 1868/1870 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(8) 1868/1870 1895/1895
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(9) & (10) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(11) (1868)  
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(12) (1868) 1895/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(13) (1868) 1894/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(14) & (15) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(16) (1868)  
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(17) (????)  
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(18) (1868) 1894-95/1896
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(19) & (20) not published
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(21) (1868)  
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(22) (1868)  
Surrey Croydon 14(10)(23) onwards not published

Paul W. Sowan

[Go to top of page]

References

OLIVER, Richard, 1991, Ordnance Survey of Great Britain. England and Wales. Indexes to the 1/2500 and 6-inch scale maps. Newtown (Montgomeryshire): David Archer: x + 118pp [ISBN 0-9517579-1-1][A facsimile reprint of the guide published by the OS in 1905/06, with an introduction by Richard Oliver][CNHSS]*

OLIVER, Richard, 1993, Ordnance Survey maps: a concise guide for historians. Charles Close Society: 192pp [ISBN 0-870598-13-X][CNHSS]

ORDNANCE SURVEY, 1954, A description of the Ordnance Survey large scale plans, Ordnance Survey: v + 21pp + x plates [CNHSS]

* [CNHSS] signifies that the item is held in the CNHSS library

[Go to top of page]

Last updated April 19th 2003
Copyright © 2003 Croydon Natural History and Scientific Society Limited